What is depreciation expense?

by | October 19,2021

depreciation expense meaning

If the asset is used for production, the expense is listed in the operating expenses area of the income statement. This amount reflects a portion of the acquisition cost of the asset for production purposes. Under the Written Down Value method, depreciation is charged on the book value (cost –depreciation) of the asset every year. Under the WDV method, book value keeps on reducing so, annual depreciation also keeps on decreasing. This method is also known as ‘Diminishing Balance Method’ or ‘Reducing Instalment Method’. The van’s book value at the beginning of the third year is R9,000, or the van’s cost minus its accumulated depreciation (R16,000).

Since depreciation is a non-cash charge in the income statement it impacts the bottom line of the company i.e., the net profit and even the Earnings per share. Higher the depreciation lower is the Net Taxable profit and lower the tax to be paid. On the other hand, software and technology companies record a small https://www.bookstime.com/ amount as depreciation since they have more of man power than depreciable fixed assets. Depreciation expense, on the other hand, refers to the portion of an asset’s cost allocated to a single reporting period. It is recognized as a non-cash expense on the income statement, reducing a company’s net income.

Amortization vs. Depreciation: What’s the Difference?

This practice is essential for both tax and accounting purposes, allowing businesses to allocate the cost of physical assets over a period of years. By doing so, depreciation reduces a company’s earnings, as it is considered a non-cash charge. Depreciation is the process of allotting and claiming a tangible asset’s cost in a financial year spread over its predicted economic life. Accounting for depreciation is a process whereby a business owner can write off the cost of an asset over a certain period. It’s an accounting technique that enables businesses to recover the cost of fixed assets by deducting them from their profits. Instead of realizing the entire cost of an asset in year one, companies can use depreciation to spread out the cost and match depreciation expenses to related revenues in the same reporting period.

In other words, it lets firms match expenses to the revenues they helped produce. Depreciation is the process of allocating the cost of an asset over its useful life. Depreciation is calculated by dividing an asset cost by how long it will be used or put into use, then subtracting one from that number. For these calculations, you need to know the asset’s cost, residual value, and estimated productive life. Accumulated depreciation is used to calculate an asset’s net book value, which is the value of an asset carried on the balance sheet. The formula for net book value is cost an asset minus accumulated depreciation.

Definition of Depreciation Expense

To more accurately reflect the use of these types of assets, the cost of business assets can be expensed each year over the life of the asset. The expense amounts are then used as a tax deduction, reducing the tax liability of the business. The process of allocating the expenses of purchasing fixed assets for the period of time is call depreciation. If a company uses all three of the above expensing methods, they will be recorded in its financial statement as depreciation, depletion, and amortization (DD&A). A single line providing the dollar amount of charges for the accounting period appears on the income statement. Depletion expense is commonly used by miners, loggers, oil and gas drillers, and other companies engaged in natural resource extraction.

Depletion is another way that the cost of business assets can be established in certain cases. For example, an oil well has a finite life before all of the oil is pumped out. Therefore, the oil well’s setup costs can be spread out over the predicted life of the well. That means that the same amount is expensed in each period over the asset’s useful life. Assets that are expensed using the amortization method typically don’t have any resale or salvage value. Many depreciation methods allow by IFRS, but IFRS recommends the three methods mentioned in IAS 16.


Using the straight-line method of depreciation, the depreciation expense to be reported on each of the company’s monthly income statements is $1,000 ($480,000 divided by 480 months). Here are four common methods of calculating annual depreciation depreciation expense meaning expenses, along with when it’s best to use them. Depreciation recapture is a provision of the tax law that requires businesses or individuals that make a profit in selling an asset that they have previously depreciated to report it as income.

depreciation expense meaning

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Francesco Perticarari

Francesco Perticarari

Francesco is a computer sicentist and tech startup investor, who built Silicon Roundabout into the largest Tech meetup community in Europe, with the mission of developing tech entrepreneurship and innovation through business connections, specialist recruitment, and venture capital support. Prior to Silicon Roundabout, Francesco worked as a C++ software engineer, web developer, and founded the boutique property investment company AGAPE Properties: 1st UK property manager to accept crypto as a payment. Linked In

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